It is a very old cultivar , mentioned as long ago as the 15th century. It is prone to injury from the leaf … The breadth and number of varieties of muscat suggest that it is perhaps the oldest domesticated grape variety, and there are theories that most families within the Vitis vinifera grape variety are descended from the Muscat variety It displays a moderately high vigor depending on the location and has an upright growth habit. They must then be thinned to achieve peak quality. Fresh and refined, L'Acadie Blanc typically produces dry, medium bodied white wines with fresh flavours such as citrus fruit, and a slight herbaceous character. Oak-aged versions often develop buttery nuances, pear and apple flavours, and creamy textures – the perfect match to Digby Scallops or Atlantic Smoked Salmon. Sauvignon Blanc is a green-skinned grape variety which originates from the Bordeaux region of France . Earliblue is best blue seedless to start...and then add red seedless Somerset and maybe green seedless Polar Green or any number of seeded Table grape varieties like Swenson Red. Vitis vinifera ) which was created by Hermann Müller from the Swiss Canton of Thurgau in 1882. Le Vieux Pin 2009 Viognier-Roussanne. Les Pervenches, near Farnham in Quebec's Eastern Townships was among the first in Quebec to grow Chardonnay. Its high acidity makes it important in Cognac production. The Ice House winery in Ontario makes a Cabernet/ Dornfelder icewine. ChardonnayThe most widely planted vinifera cultivar in Ontario. Pinot gris (also known as pinot grigio ) is a white wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera . Anyone Can Grow Grapes. The need for fruit exposure is important, as skin colour can be hard to achieve some years, leading to light-coloured wines. In particular, because of the tough outer skin of the fruit, it is well adapted for the production of icewine , especially in Ontario. It ripens mid-season and can bring very deep color, ample tannin , and a particular plum-like flavor component to add complexity to claret blends. Rotberger is a wine grape variety . I lived for those grapes and would pay two or three times the local store prices if they carried them. After purchasing, be sure to keep them in the refrigerator. The juice of the Joffre berries resembles that of the other Kulhmann hybrids with a little less pronounced berry fruit expression. But the most important element of winemaking is the grape itself, and the family of vines to which it belongs. They include Concord and Niagara, which are native to Ontario. When the grapes get to look like green peas, it’s time to take off the leaves over the fruit. It was first planted in Ontario in 1951. Cabernet FrancThe most productive and cold hardy red vinifera. It is harvested in mid to late September. Stonehill (no longer open) planted the first Zweigelt in British Columbia in 1997 It is susceptible to mildew and, more recently, Erineum mites, but these are not a serious pest. They need to be able to mature before the first frost hits. Pinot noir ( French: [pino nwa?] It is generally spicy, berry-flavored and soft on the palate with a relatively high alcohol content , but it needs careful control of yields for best results. Years ago of course no grapes sold in the shops were seedless and we were used to those annoying pips;. Similar to the Cabs, it has blue berries of medium size with herbaceous flavours. Today, there are more than 180 wineries in Ontario producing about 71 per cent of total Canadian wine volume. The clusters are small, conical and have berries with pink to light red skins. Léon Millot is a red variety of hybrid grape; it was created in 1911 in the Oberlin Institute in Colmar, Alsace , by the French viticulturist Eugène Kuhlmann (1858–1932) by crossing the hybrid grape Millardet et Grasset 101-14 O.P. Wine grapes Vitis vinifera In addition to their delectable fruit, wine grapes can serve as a fast-growing foliage screen when trained on a fence, wires or arbor. The taste of the red wine depends on the ripeness of the grapes from which it is made. Chinese wisteria Wisteria chinensis AuxeroisThis is another recent addition to Ontario production that is gaining consumer acceptance. Wine grape variety descriptions have been provided by Kevin Ker, an internationally recognized specialist and educator in grape and tender fruit production, and integrated pest management (IPM). Look for the VQA Symbol for wines made from 100% Ontario Grapes … He operates Ker Crop Management Services, an independent consulting firm specializing in education, training, advisory research and agricultural services. Frontenac Gris (pictured) makes a white wine with a peach and tropical fruit flavor. It has a long growing season with harvest, most years, in mid to late October or later. It tends to lack acid , tannin and color , and is usually blended with other varieties such as Syrah , Carignan , Tempranillo and Cinsaut . Due to its high acidity and fruitiness it is particularly suited to sweeter, dessert wines . Malbec ( pronounced: [mal.b?k] ) is a purple grape variety used in making red wine . European grapes are common in Europe and Northern parts of the US, and Muscadine grapes are commonly found in the Southern US. One of its identifiable traits is the shiny leaves that appear to fold upward and the prominent teeth on the leaf margins. Dunkelfelder is a dark-skinned variety of grape used for red wine . Cold-hardy red wine grape with mild tannins and a chocolate raspberry flavour. Its also used in Washington State for icewine. Riesling is an aromatic grape variety displaying flowery, almost perfumed, aromas as well as high acidity. The fresh juice is noted for its vegetal or herbaceous flavours. The clusters are small and cylindrical beneath a moderately shaded canopy. Whether sold as Syrah or Shiraz, these wines enjoy great popularity. The Sémillon grape is rather heavy, with low acidity and an almost oily texture. Identifying Local Wines. Avondale Sky Winery produces a dessert wine called Also grown in Quebec. Even with cold hardy grape varieties, the northern gardener will probably be leaving the grapes on the vine well into early fall, sometimes up to the first killing frost of the season. Growing grapes in northern climates can be difficult, but not impossible. The grapes are used in dry wines and Icewines. In Ontario, there are many clones of Chardonnay that provide a diverse flavour profile. Domaine de Grand Pré and Jost area top producer. This is the Designated Viticultural Area (DVA) status. It ripens in mid to late September. Pinot blanc is a white wine grape . The spicy flavours of the berries are also a key identifying feature. A Red Meritage is a blend of two or more of the red "noble" Bordeaux varieties - Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Merlot, Petit Verdot and the rarer St. Macaire, Gros Verdot and Carmenère. The name may also refer to wines created predominantly from Pinot noir grapes. 3rd year the vine keeps growing and will reach the top wire, select 2 strongest branches on each wire (trellis) to grow to opposite directions from the trunk. Baco Noir is the first cultivar to begin growing in the spring in Ontario. a late ripping varietal with moderate winter hardiness Primary use is icewine. Its rare in Ontario. An ongoing taste test is the only true … It has a high yield and wines based on it can age a long time. Susceptible to leaf burn from copper-containing sprays and fungus diseases such as Powdery Mildew. This puts the grower into a perilous area. This grape is hardy and versatile and performs well in Nova Scotia's warmer regions. A: It is possible to grow concord grapes here. Frontenac blanc will be introduced in 2012 from white fruited mutations found in both Fronenac and Frontenac gris vines in Minnesota and Canada. It was bred in 1929 by August Herold by crossing Trollinger (a red variety also known as Schiava grossa or Vernatsch) and Riesling. It grows vigorously, producing a large canopy that is sprawling. Its chief flavour characteristics are freshness, yeasty and often apple-y aromas, and occasionally a hint of spice. RieslingAn aromatic white cultivar that was one of the first viniferas planted commercially in Ontario. Grapes can be grown a variety of ways, including container gardening. It has a multitude of uses as a table wine, a late harvest wine and Icewine. This hearty, early-ripening true north varietal is used wholly and in blends to produce medium-bodied, fruit forward and structured wines with concentrated red berry, wood, and spice flavours and relatively high acidity. The growing conditions in NOTL are the most optimum for the Growing Degree Days (GDD) and the moderate winter temperatures, the two factors that impact red grape and most grape production. Best Price Growing Grape Vines In Ontario And Growing Grapes Trailing Vs Upright Before you place any container of grapes into your grocery cart, keep an eye out for a few specific characteristics to ensure you’re getting the best-tasting ones. Pinotage is often blended, and also made into fortified wine and even red sparkling wine . The berries are blue, medium size and produce a juice with an herbaceous flavour. Vidal Blanc was developed in the 1930s by French breeder Jean Louis Vidal ; his primary goal in developing the variety was to produce vines suitable for the production of Cognac in the Charente region of France . Muscat Blanc: is the most popular varietal. The variety has also established itself in Canadian vineyards in Ontario and British Columbia, Müller-Thurgau is Germany's second most planted grape. Ehrenfelser is a white wine grape variety of German origin. It was bred there in 1925 as a cross between Pinot noir and Cinsaut (Cinsaut was known as "Hermitage" in South Africa during that time, hence the portmanteau name of Pinotage). It is fairly resistant to disease, except for rot. The grape found its way to the United States in the mid-19th century, and became known by variations of the name "Zinfandel", a name of uncertain origin. Vidal Blanc is an inter-specific hybrid variety of white wine grape , a cross of Ugni Blanc and Rayon d'Or (Seibel 4986). In Canada's, quality wine-classification system, the Vintner's Quality Alliance (VQA), it is the only hybrid entitled to the highest category of quality. Berries are round with a neutral flavour and the skin achieves a golden hue as the berries ripen. Agria is also known as Turan. SemillonAnother recent introduction to Ontario for commercial production, this grape is best known from warmer climates. It is a crossing of Riesling with Madeleine Royale. While public opinion suggested that vinifera grapes could not be grown in Ontario, several prescient growers thought otherwise. Pinot Auxerrois another of the various clones of Pinot Noir, Auxerrois Blanc is a light white grape with qualities that range from neutrality to honey to asparagus, all dependent upon production method and oak aging. It was released in 1996. Created in Vineland, Ontario, this grape proved unsuitable to the Ontario climate but produces excellent wines in Nova Scotia. Bold and exotic, New York Muscat produces aromatic but dry full-bodied white wines with intense aromas of roses, grapefruit and exotic fruit such as lychee. Grape vines grow best in warmer soil. It is at present among the most important new fungal-resistant quality grape variety world-wide, especially in German wine regions. If you've avoided growing grapes because they didn't succeed before or you didn't think it was possible, think again. Red berry fruit flavors like raspberry predominate in wines from cooler areas. It was a crossing of St. Laurent and Blaufränkisch . It has medium size clusters that are conical and may have shoulders. You should read as many reference books on the subject as you can before starting out to plant your backyard vineyard. is a French-American hybrid grapevine that is a result of research and cross-breeding by the University of Minnesota . It can over crop and benefits from good vine management practices such as shoot positioning and crop load balancing/thinning. Sémillon, which is relatively easy to cultivate, consistently produces six to eight tons of grapes per acre from its vigorous vines. Cabernet SauvignonThis is the latest maturing red vinifera in Ontario. The root system needs to grow and establish to allow for shoot growth in the first year. wines , and performs best in cooler climates. Us || ©2020 Robert A Bell. Also found in Oregon, Petit Verdot is a variety of red wine grape , principally used in classic Bordeaux blends. In a few months they will completely cover this fence and pergola. The vines can be vigorous and display a drooping character while growing. This white cultivar has large conical clusters with medium-sized berries that take on a bronze hue as they ripen. Reported as derived from Riesling cl.239 F2 and Chancellor parents . Best in full sun in moist soil enriched with manure and sweetened with lime. Pinot Gris and Syrah The style of wine produced from the grapes varies greatly according to where it is produced. Auxerrois Crops well (4-4.5 Tones/acre). It is somewhat resistant to powdery mildew . Following several years of strong planting, Syrah was estimated in 2004 to be the world's 7th most grown grape. This vine must be balanced for crop load and have a managed canopy to get optimum sunlight and fruit quality. It ripens in late September. In cooler regions, choosing the correct varietal is crucial. traditional method (TM) sparkling wine and that L'Acadie is an appropriate grape. They’ll remain fresh up to 10 days in a container with good circulation. There are two major tender fruit and grape areas in Ontario. Some top producers are Domaine de Grand Pré, Jost Vineyards, Sainte Famille and The use of Viognier in the United Sates and Canada is dramatically rising. Oxley Estate Winery on The Lake Erie North Shore grows this garpe, Reichensteiner is a white wine grape that is mainly grown in Germany (349 hectares (860 acres) and England acres It is a cross between Müller-Thurgau and Madeleine Angevine x Calabreser Froehlich , and was first bred in Germany during 1939.In England, it is the 2nd most grown after Seyval Blanc. The fruit is thick-skinned and the bunches hang well. It has a small berry in a compact medium sized bunch that is tight and cylindrical in shape. Created in Vineland, Ontario, this grape proved unsuitable to the Ontario climate but produces excellent wines in Nova Scotia. The grape has practical mild disease resistance to the common mildews and is relatively cold hardy to approximately -20c. has a labruscia like growth habit good hardiness and disease resistant mow yields but produces a nice wine. Regent is a dark-skinned inter-specific hybrid grape variety, used for making wine. When I was growing up, my best friend’s parents had two verities of grapes in their backyard, a deep purple grape and a tart green one ( I was young , what did I know about variety :D) . Fresh and refined, L'Acadie Blanc typically produces dry, medium bodied white wines with fresh flavours such as citrus fruit, and a slight herbaceous character. Many clones exist in commercial plantings, with the majority having small compact clusters, some with shoulders and small berries. It has both European (Vitis vinifera) and American vine species in its pedigree and a broad resistance against the most significant fungal diseases which affect grapes, such as downy mildew. Baco NoirThis cultivar was bred by Francois Baco and released in 1902. It is not uncommon to notice some spritz (fine bubbles on the inside of the glass), It accounts for about 8% of all grape production in BC it is on the increase Often leading to death of the vine or disappointment at least. In Ontario, we grow more than 50 different varieties of wine grapes. Pinotage a red wine grape that is South Africa's signature variety. Niagara-on-the-Lake, according to the GGO’s (Grape Growers of Ontario) internal numbers over the last 5 years, has produced between 65-70% of the grapes in Ontario. Léon Millot ripens early, and has high resistance against fungal diseases. It gives good yields, but makes undistinguished wine at best. It was grown from a crossing of the complex interspecific hybrid Landot 4511 and a very cold hardy selection of Vitis riparia . Beaufort Estate-grown Leon Millot used in Blends. Dunkelfelder received varietal protection and was released for general cultivation in 1980. Merlot is a darkly blue-coloured wine grape , that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines. There are also many other powerful flower and fruit aromas which can be perceived in these wines depending on where they were grown, the weather conditions and how old the vines were, A good blend L'Acadie vineyards uses it to make their award winning Sparkling wines. Botrytis bunch rot can be a problem with this cultivar. Traditional European cultivars, including wine grapes, are Vitis vinifera. The grape ripens early, when, in warmer climates, it acquires a pinkish hue .Since the grape has a thin skin, there is also a risk of sunburn in hotter climates; it is best suited to areas with sunny days and cool nights. The following are the largest commercial sellers. It was named Dunkelfelder ( dunkel = dark) by ampelographer Helmut Becker , due to its unclear parentage and its dark colour. Its softness and "fleshiness", combined with its earlier ripening. Pinot Meunier was first mentioned in the 16th century. Cold hardy to about -22 C. Kerner is an aromatic white grape variety. It was named after the French marshal Ferdinand Foch (1851-1929), who played an important role in the negotiation of the armistice terms during the closing of the First World War . Pinch all other brunches. a great - aperitif or to enjoy with simply prepared mussels or light white fish such as sole. Sugars similar to Riesling although the acids are usually much lower. It ripens early , is cold-hardy, is resistant to fungal diseases, but because of its small berry size is prone to bird injury. When you buy a VQA or 100% Ontario wine, you are buying a quality wine of origin and investing in the Ontario economy! The fruit clusters are small and tight with round green berries. Riesling wines are usually varietally pure and are seldom oaked . The berry size of this variety is small. In Ontario, this cultivar ripens in early September. In addition to making red varietal wines, Mourvèdre is a prominent component in "GSM" blends where it is blended with Grenache and Syrah . a variety of white grape (sp. My hubby and I are about to dive in and start gardening in with permaculture principles. It produces large clusters with medium to large berries that attain a golden hue when ripe. Moderately winter hardy. Viognier ( French pronunciation: [vi? Herold was working at a plant breeding station in Lauffen in the Württemberg region of Germany . It is planted in every wine region and covers 34,565 acres (13,988 hectares), accounting for 13.7% of Germany's vineyards. Syrah is used as a varietal and is also blended. It typically produces deep red varietal wines with smoky, bramble and earthy flavors, sometimes with notes of bananas and tropical fruit . It's often described as grassy or herbaceous , with notes of green fruit, such as gooseberry, Siegerrebe (literally "Victory vine" in German ) is a white wine grape that is grown primarily in Germany with some plantings in England , Washington State , and British Columbia 's North Okanagan . The juice has a spicy or lychee nut flavour. Annapolis Highland Vineyards. The dense canopies with multiple leaf layers can lead to disease problems if not properly managed. The variety was named after the winemaker and tree nursery owner Léon Millot. The fruit produces a pigmented juice and has a noticeable herbaceous flavour. We reviewed thousands of weed strains available on the market as of November 2020 and created a simple list to help you pick the most potent and strongest weed strain for your personal enjoyment and therapeutic pursuits. Production of rotberger is quite small and primarily limited to Austria, Canada, Germany, and Liechtenstein.. It's not a wine for long lay-downs; it ages okay for a year or two but then starts to lose its luster. American grapes grow best in warm, sunny climates like that of central California. Frontenac gris is a white wine version of Frontenac, introduced in 2003. Pinot GrisThis cultivar also goes by the name of Pinot Grigio or the “grey pinot.” Similar to the other pinot grapes (pinot blanc, pinot noir), this cultivar is distinguished by the colour of its fruit. Hello there! I am originally from Ontario and I miss my grapes. 8th Generation Confidence Frizzante style uses 50% Dornfelder along with Crisp semi-sweet to dry wines, sparkling wine, dessert wines, and even brandies are most from this grape. The grape most likely gets its name from the French word sauvage ("wild") and blanc ("white") due to its early origins as an indigenous grape in South West France . Copyright © 2010 Grape Growers of Ontario. is not only blessed with natural beauty that makes it a magnet for tourists, but it also has a mild climate and geography that makes it an ideal place for grape growing. Chenin is one of the most versatile grape varieties. De Vine on Vancouver Island produces a Dornfelder wine- In addition there are thousands of hybrid varieties. The subsequent growth of cottage wineries has reflected the boom in our grape and wine industry. This variety is said to be earlier ripening than Leon Millot, This variety is very disease resistant, similar to that of Foch, and cold hardy to about the same as Leon Millot -27c. ZweigeltrebeThis cultivar has found favour with some winemakers, especially when blended with Gamay Noir. It ripens late, so it needs hot, dry conditions such as those found in Spain , the south of France , and California. This early bud break leaves it prone to late spring frost injury. Regent was created in 1967 by Professor Gerhardt Alleweldt at the Geilweilerhof Institute for Grape Breeding by crossing Diana, a Silvaner x Müller-Thurgau cross and thus a Vitis vinifera variety, with the interspecific hybrid Chambourcin Experimental plantings followed in 1985 and it received varietal protection in 1994 and was released for cultivation in the first German region in 1996. It is moderately cold hardy and possesses long cylindrical clusters that remain loose. That means a seedless, sweet and crunchy fruit on a good sized bunch than can be offered to consumers at a reasonable price. Usually ripens late September where successfully grown in Nova Scotia, Canada. However, due to its winter hardiness this grape variety is cultivated most extensively in Canada and in the north-eastern United States . It has a tight cylindrical cluster with small berries and some juice pigmentation. the flavor profile of Cabernet Franc may be both fruitier and sometimes more herbal or vegetative than Cabernet Sauvignon, although lighter in both color and softer in tannins, Carménère is a wine grape variety originally planted in the Médoc region of Bordeaux , France , where it was used to produce deep red wines and occasionally used for blending purposes in the same manner as Petit Verdot . It is principally grown for blending with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot in the Bordeaux style, but can also be vinified alone, In addition to being used in blends and produced as a varietal in Canada and the United States it is made into icewine. Road 13 Vineyards also produces an Old Vine Chenin blanc. This cultivar can carry a moderate crop load and benefits from canopy management and shoot positioning. Soil, microclimate, geography – all play a key role in producing a good bottle of wine, as does the winemaking process itself. The berries are medium size with neutral flavour and ripens in late September. It is sometimes referred to colloquially as Gewürz . Mourvèdre tends to produce tannic wines that can be high in alcohol. It is prone to infestation by the leaf-feeding form of phylloxera. It has a tendency to over crop and is greatly enhanced by selective cluster thinning at veraison. Good Grapes Grow in Ontario September 23, 2009 1:32 P.M. Find out how VQA Ontario is making some of the best wines in the world in this tour of Ontario's beautiful Niagara wine region. Agria: is an early ripping grape suited to cool climate vineyards `` made in roads in the Rhine region of Germany BC grape around 11 % of all of! Has been made into single varietal wine ’ s time to take off the leaves have with! 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