The 75 mm tank gun has its origins in the famous French Canon de 75 modèle 1897 field gun of World War I fame [citation needed], which was also adopted by the United States and used well into World War II as the 75 mm M1897 field gun.The tank and field guns fired the same range of 75x350R ammunition. Other important rounds fired by the 75mm tank guns were the T30 Canister shot for use against troops in the open at short range. This moring I you tubed 88mm flak gun and saw it … A battery included 160 horses, most of them pulling ammunition as well as repair and supply caissons. In between the wars the US army kept the mle 1897 as their main field gun and these came in a number of variants, the initial versions made in France, versions built under licence in the US, and later versions with slightly different carriages. France 75 mm/35 (2.95") Model 1925 and 1928. Various deceptions, some of them linked to the Dreyfus Case which erupted in 1894, had been implemented by Deloye and French counter-intelligence to distract German espionage.[5]. The AP shell for the 75 mm gun was a 15 lb (6.8 kg) projectile with a couple of ounces (60 g) of HE filling propelled by a 2 lb (900 g) charge to 2,000 feet per second (610 m/s). They also learned that Krupp was considering introducing the system after testing it. The US designation of the basic weapon was 75 mm Gun M1897. This 6.76 kg (14.9 lb) round travelled at 625 m/s (2,050 ft/s) and contained 1.5 pounds of TNT filling and choice of Super Quick (SQ) or Delay (PD) with 0.05 or 0.15 seconds of delay fuse. The final experimental version of Deport's 75 mm field gun was tested during the summer of 1894 and judged very promising. French 75 mm field gun Mle 1897, designated in Poland as 75 mm armata wz. The lightweight M6 and M5 variants were developed to equip the Light Tank M24 and the B-25 Mitchell bomber. When the U.S. became involved in World War I, space on ships was limited and manpower had priority over heavy equipment, so American troops often used French heavy equipment, including this 75mm field gun. The main gun was seen as a means of overcoming obstacles as the tank proceeded to attack vital enemy rear areas. The public saw it for the first time during the Bastille Day parade of 14 July 1899. At the opening of World War I, in 1914, the French Army had about 4,000 of these field guns in service. FRENCH 75MM GUN - The 75mm M1897 field gun that revolutionized modern artillery. were used in all infantry divisions in World War II. All the essential parts, including the gun's barrel and the oleo-pneumatic recoil mechanisms were manufactured by French State arsenals: Puteaux, Bourges, Châtellerault and St Etienne. In 1939 the Polish army had 1,374 of these guns, making it by far the most numerous artillery piece in Polish service.[8]. Every shell, whether it be a high-explosive or shrapnel shell, was fixed to a brass case which was automatically ejected when the breech was opened. By the end of the war about 12,000 had been produced. My father trained on the 3 inch gun while originally with the tank destroyers. Romania had a considerable number of World War I guns of 75 mm and 76.2 mm. Initially produced under great secrecy, with details of its design jealously guarded by the French government, the soixante-quinze went on to have a long, worldwide history of service that lasted well into World War II. US Army War College. Hydraulic fluid leakage was typical of this experimental phase of artillery development during the 1890s, as Haussner and Krupp had previously experienced. During the barrel's recoil the floating piston was forced forward by the oil, compressing the air even further. the 155 mm Schneider howitzer and the long-range Canon de 155mm GPF). Many others were used for training until 1942. I don't think this 3 inch gun he trained on is a French gun. American industry built 1,050 French 75s during World War I, but only 143 had been shipped to France by 11 November 1918; most American batteries used French-built 75s in action. The armor piercing cap,made of a softer metal, helped to prevent shell shatter at higher velocities and against sloped and "face-hardened" armor. 21868°— 17 (3) .377770 the french 75-mm. Rimailho. The weapon was used for decades (including in American tanks) which was a testament to its inherently excellent design. Thus, with time, the French 75 batteries became routinely used to cut corridors with high-explosive shells, across the belts of German barbed wire. This was essentially a giant shotgun shell full of large numbers of steel balls. 1) Vieille's smokeless powder, which was introduced in 1884. 3. It was also in service with the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF), which had been supplied with about 2,000 French 75 field guns. If enemy tanks were encountered in numbers, specialist Tank Destroyer units were to be called in. Both the tank and field guns fired the same range of 75x350R ammunition. The 75mm Pack Howitzer M1 used the same projectiles fired from a smaller 75x272R case. The 75mm M2 and M3 tank guns of the M3 Lee and M4 Sherman Medium tanks, the 75mm M6 tank gun of the M24 Chaffee light tank and the 75mm gun of the -G and -H subtypes of the B-25 Mitchell bomber all used the same ammunition as the M1897. During World War II through Lend Lease, the British received 170 American half-track M3 Gun Motor Carriage which mounted a 75mm; they used these in Italy and Northern Europe until the end of the war as fire support vehicles in Armoured Car Regiments. French artillery team run up behind a field gun -- next to gun is a metal case with shells. The tank's primary armament was seen as its machine guns and sheer bulk and crushing power. Note on reverse "24.X.18". WiththeexceptionoftheGerman 42,"noguninthewar hascreatedmoreinterestthanthefamousFrench75-mra. The wheel brakes could be swung under each wheel ("abattage"), and, together with the trail spade, they immobilized the gun during firing. The same rounds used in the 76mm gun could penetrate 6 to 7 inches of armor. fieldgun,popularlyknownasthesoixante … M61 had a muzzle velocity of 620 m/s (2,030 ft/s) and was credited with the ability to penetrate 3.7 inches (94 mm) of armor plate at 500 yards range, which was a quite acceptable performance by the standards of 1942. These guns offered much improved performance against tanks but because they fired High Explosive rounds that were inferior to those of the 75mm guns, the larger calibre guns never completely replaced the older models. While the tank's main gun was considered satisfactory, its armor was deemed to be too light. Colonel Joseph-Albert Deport, at the time the Director of the Atelier de Construction de Puteaux (APX), and asked him whether he could construct a gun on the general principle of the Haussner long-cylinder recoil without infringing the existing patents. Can anyone give me the skinny on this? 1897. gun. The French Army had to wait until early 1917 to receive in numbers fast-firing heavy artillery equipped with hydraulic recoil brakes (e.g. Each Mle 1897 75 mm field gun battery (4 guns) was manned by highly trained crews of 170 men led by 4 officers recruited among graduates of engineering schools. This led to an epidemic of burst barrels which afflicted 75 mm artillery during 1915. US 75mm AP and APCBC-HE shell models. The French 75:The 75mm M1897 field gun that revolutionized modern artillery (Osprey New Vanguard 288) | Steven J. Zaloga | download | B–OK. There was also the M88 base-ejecting smoke round and the M89 White Phosphorus (WP or "Willy Pete") round which proved highly effective in the Bocage fighting around Normandy. Four smoke-grenade launchers were also installed with two on each side of the ‘collar’. How France's Deadly 75mm Cannon Revolutionized Artillery. Updated 28 March 2013 -, Learn how and when to remove this template message, the -G and -H subtypes of the B-25 Mitchell, canon de 75 M(montagne) modèle 1919 Schneider, https://rft.forter.ro/biblioteca-virtuala/19326/tunurile-re%C5%9Fi%C5%A3ei, https://rft.forter.ro/biblioteca-virtuala/721/artileria-rom%C3%A2n%C4%83-%C3%AEn-date-%C5%9Fi-imagini, U.S. Army Veterinary Corps Historical Preservation Group - 75-MM GUN M1897, U.S. ARMY, "Investiture du Président : les coups de canons étaient... made in United States ! Krupp would later reject Haussner's invention, due to insoluble technical problems caused by hydraulic fluid leakage. These weapons were employed as light coastal artillery and were not declared obsolete until March 1945.[12]. A 4-gun battery firing shrapnel could deliver 17,000 ball projectiles over an area 100 meters wide by 400 meters long in a single minute, with devastating results. Its firing rate could even reach close to 30 rounds per minute, albeit only for a very short time and with a highly experienced crew. In 1941, these guns began to become surplus when they were gradually being replaced by the M2A1 105 mm M101 split-trail Howitzer; some were removed from their towed carriages and installed on the M3 Half-Track as the M3 Gun Motor Carriage (GMC). it was mounted on the M6 mount. In December 1894, Deport was passed over for promotion, and resigned to join "Chatillon-Commentry", a private armaments firm. Besides use on the two main American medium tanks of the war the M3 Lee (M2 or M3 gun) and the M4 Sherman (M3 gun). Updated 03 March 2012. The independent sight had also been perfected for easy field use by the crews, and a nickel-steel shield was added to protect the gunners. Further, 40 former French Shermans equipped with French AMX-13 turrets were captured from Egypt in 1956. The French Navy adopted the 75mm modèle 1897 for its coastal batteries[19] and warships[20]. The M48 was available in 2 versions, standard or supercharge which increased the propellent charge for greater muzzle velocity (1,885 ft/s (575 m/s) vs. 1,470 ft/s (450 m/s)) and range (2,300 yards greater). During World War 2 these guns also used Costinescu 75 mm anti-tank round. 2) Self-contained ammunition, with the powder charge in a brass case which also held the shell. With the exception of the German " 42," no gun in the war has created more interest than the famous French 75-mra. U.S. armored doctrine in World War II saw the tank as a deep-attack or exploitation vehicle. Over 3,500 were modified with a muzzle brake and mounted on a 5 cm Pak 38 carriage, now named 7.5 cm Pak 97/38 they were used by the Wehrmacht in 1942 as an emergency weapon against the Soviet Union's T-34 and KV tanks. In 1953, an Israeli military delegation visited France to examine the then-new AMX-13/75 light tank, which was armed with the high-velocity CN 75-50 75 mm tank gun. The Army then recommissioned two Canon de 75 modèle 1897, then located at the Musée de l'Artillerie de Draguignan. Their contribution was a leakproof hydro-pneumatic long-recoil mechanism which they named "Frein II" (Brake # II). The primary round was the M48 High Explosive. The field gun origins of the ordnance and ammunition ensured that the M2/3/6 series HE round was highly effective for its caliber. By 1918 the 75s became the main agents of delivery for toxic gas shells. In March of 1945 he wrote to the commanding generals of both the US 2nd and 3rdArmored Divisions on the subject of the Panther, stating: From time to time I find short stories where some reporter is purpor… An early adaption of the weapon was for anti-aircraft purposes. The French 75 mm field gun was a quick-firing field artillery piece adopted in March 1898. Non-modified remainders were used as second-line and coastal artillery pieces under the German designation 7.5 cm FK 231(f) and 7,5 cm FK 97(p). What a great result, big thanks David, I keep on reading about a gun called 75mm Schneider nle 1914 but I cant find any data, is it the same as the 75mm Puteaux mle 1897/33 ?, one more thing David, are the above AA guns all 75mm L/51, because this weapon keeps cropping up in my French … The aerodynamic ballistic cap acted as a windscreen and improved ballistic performance, maintained velocity, and retained penetration at longer ranges. 2. 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